Nearly 12,000 licensed premises have closed in Britain since December 2019, the new edition of the Market Recovery Monitor from CGA and AlixPartners reveals – an average of around 30 a day and the highest rate on record.
While 4,170 new sites have been recorded since December 2019, the loss of 11,894 venues means there have been nearly three closures for every fresh opening, leading to a net loss of 7,724 licensed premises.
The number of permanent closures is expected to rise sharply, as the effects of trading restrictions – including a catastrophic drop in trade over the key month of December – take their toll.
While the sector now has a roadmap to reopening, research for the monitor suggested that the freedom to trade outside from mid-April will be of limited benefit. Well under half (43.2%) of England's pubs, bars and restaurants have an outdoor area of some kind, and while the number is higher among food pubs (78.4%) and community pubs (71%), it is far lower on high streets (25.6%) and among casual dining restaurants (11.4%).
Karl Chessell, CGA's business unit director for hospitality operators and food, EMEA, said: "These numbers set out the full, devastating impact of the pandemic on Britain's licensed premises. The wipeout of Christmas trade was clearly the final blow for many businesses, and the long wait that others now face to open their doors sadly means closures will mount even higher."
The research also found that the food-led sector has been hit harder by Covid-19 than the drink-led market, losing 7.6% and 5.5% of total sites respectively. The casual dining sector has contracted by 15.8%, equivalent to more than 1,000 casual dining restaurants, or nearly one in six of the total, shutting their doors since December 2019.
But the report also points to resilience in some areas of the market, including bars and cafés. Many city centres have also proved more durable than expected, with central Sheffield, Liverpool, Edinburgh and Nottingham all losing fewer than 3% of their licensed premises since December 2019, and the London market trimmed by a below-average 6.3%.
Chessell added: "Pubs have proved more durable than restaurants in recent months, and outside service will give many of them a useful kickstart if the sun shines. Amid all the closures, it's also encouraging to see a steady flow of new entrants to the market. We remain very confident about the long-term future of the sector, but unfortunately there is more pain to come first."
AlixPartners' managing director Graeme Smith said: "While the prime minister says the country is on a one-way road to freedom, the hospitality sector still faces months of subjugation. Businesses have spent almost an entire year closed or operating under the most severe restrictions, and the government's roadmap to reopening does very little to ease their pain in the near-term.
"While permitting businesses to trade outdoors from mid-April will clearly benefit some segments of the market, a significant proportion of operators, even some of those with outdoor space, will not find it a viable option. For many businesses, it will not be until mid-June, when restrictions are more fully lifted, that they will be able to trade on a profitable basis.
"The rapid acceleration in site closures since the start of the year demonstrates just how brutal the situation is. Businesses are burning through cash at an alarming rate as costs stack up, and within the sector there is despair as to why hospitality is at the back of the queue when it comes to reopening. The Budget is absolutely crucial to the future survival of thousands of sector businesses; a substantial package of financial support is needed to prevent greater numbers of closures across this year and beyond."