"The customer is always right" still applies most of the time - but not when it comes to sexual harassment of staff. Solicitor Nick Thorpe, of Field Fisher Waterhouse, explains the latest legislation
I've heard about new legislation that means I, as an employer, will be duty-bound to protect my staff from harassment by customers. How can I ensure that I fulfil my duty as an employer under this new law?
New regulations amending the Sex Discrimination Act 1975 came into force on 6 April, requiring employers to protect their staff from sexual harassment by customers, suppliers and others. The regulations extend employer liability to circumstances where a customer subjects an employee to sexual harassment in the course of their employment and the employer has failed to take reasonably practicable steps to prevent the harassment, in circumstances where the employer knew that the employee had been subjected to harassment on at least two other occasions.
Harassment is defined by the Sex Discrimination Act as "any unwanted conduct (related to a person's sex) that has the purpose of violating (that person's) dignity or of creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for (that person)". It can therefore cover a very wide range of behaviours, including suggestive remarks, teasing and taunting of a sexual nature, unwelcome physical conduct or sexual advances, and sexual bantering.
While most employers have taken steps to stamp out this type of behaviour among employees, by introducing clear policies and procedures designed to educate employees on harassment and by taking disciplinary action when necessary, sexual harassment by customers remains rife in the hotel and catering industry, and the potential for claims is high.
While the old adage "the customer is always right" may be valid in some situations, when a complaint alleging hostile or harassing behaviour on the part of a customer is made by an employee, it is critical for an employer to remember that the customer is not always right.
So what reasonably practicable steps can an employer put in place to avoid liability under this new law?
While an employer will be liable only where he knew that the employee had been subjected to harassment on at least two other occasions, the previous incidents do not have to be committed by the same customer. Therefore, while it may be reasonable for an employer to take specific action against a "problem" customer, consideration should also be given to ways in which such behaviour can be prevented by any customer.
Introducing a written policy and training for staff which make it clear that this type of behaviour will not be tolerated is a start. But an anti-harassment policy is unlikely to be read by a customer, and so employers should consider displaying notices directed at customers which make it clear that such behaviour is not tolerated.
An employer must take steps when a complaint about a customer is voiced by an employee, including, if necessary, asking the customer to leave.
Action should be taken to prevent unlawful harassment by customers. These include:
- Reviewing and updating existing anti-harassment policies and training to reflect the change in the law.
- Displaying notices directed at customers making it clear that harassment is not tolerated.
- Taking appropriate action on a complaint by an employee about a customer.
If an employer fails to take reasonable steps to protect an employee from harassment by a customer, the employee may seek to bring a claim for compensation, including "injury to feelings", at an employment tribunal.
Compensation for loss of earnings is unlimited in harassment claims and employees can be awarded between £500 and £25,000 for "injury to feelings", depending upon nature of the harassment.
Nick Thorpe, Field Fisher Waterhouse, 020 7861 4000, firstname.lastname@example.org